The 100 best digital picture frames on amazon
The 100 best digital picture frames on amazon
The 100 best digital picture frames on amazon
The 100 best digital picture frames on amazon

How to get a pro­fes­sion­al and auto­mat­ic aspect ratio crop for your images

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On your dig­i­tal pic­ture frame, you are like­ly to have pho­tos that were tak­en by var­i­ous peo­ple using dif­fer­ent cam­eras. This typ­i­cal­ly means that your pho­to files will have many incon­sis­tent aspect ratios. Some may be 4:3 (Four-Thirds cam­eras), oth­ers 3:2 (DSLR), and every­thing in between is pos­si­ble with a smart­phone.

The dig­i­tal pic­ture frame only has one for­mat, typ­i­cal­ly 16:10 or 16:9. The effect of a non-for­­mat-adjust­ed fam­i­ly & friends pho­to col­lec­tion can be pil­lar or let­ter­box­ing.

The online ser­vice Crop­po­la uses sophis­ti­cat­ed image recog­ni­tion soft­ware to find the best com­po­si­tion and crop in a pho­to auto­mat­i­cal­ly. We talked to the Crop­po­la team in Switzer­land and will show you a Python script which auto­mates the crop­ping process for your images.

A well main­tained dig­i­tal pic­ture frame needs some love

A dig­i­tal pic­ture frame requires only lit­tle main­te­nance, but there is one thing that needs to be done right when you upload to new images: The images need to have the right aspect ratio.

How­ev­er, man­u­al­ly check­ing and crop­ping many hun­dred images or even more is not only very time con­sum­ing and requires the right pho­to soft­ware but it also asks for a bit of a photographer's eye.

As "mak­ing it real­ly sim­ple" is one of the crit­i­cal suc­cess ingre­di­ents of a dig­i­tal pic­ture frame (and need­ed to get the stamp of approval from oth­er house­hold mem­bers), I did a fair amount of research to test-dri­ve a num­ber of online crop­ping tools.

Fol­low­ing many hours of research­ing and test­ing var­i­ous online tools, I came across Crop­po­la, a solu­tion that I can high­ly rec­om­mend to any­one.

If you want your images to be intel­li­gent­ly cropped to the exact aspect ratio of your dig­i­tal pic­ture frame, then Crop­po­la is the way to go.

Fran­cis Ford C(r)oppola

Crop­po­la is the brain­child of Rad­hakr­ish­na Achan­ta, a for­mer Ph.D. stu­dent in the field of Com­put­er Vision at the EPFL Uni­ver­si­ty of Lau­sanne in Switzer­land. Out of appre­ci­a­tion for a movie direc­tor, the prod­uct name was born.

With­in the Image and Visu­al Rep­re­sen­ta­tion Group (IVRG), direct­ed by Pro­fes­sor Sabine Süsstrunk he devel­oped a clever image recog­ni­tion algo­rithm that auto­mat­i­cal­ly rec­og­nizes faces, col­ors and oth­er objects in videos.

In 2012 this know-how was applied to pho­tos, and Achanta's Ph.D. stu­dent col­league Thomas Lochmat­ter cre­at­ed a web­site to make the Crop­po­la tech­nol­o­gy avail­able to the pub­lic.

I talked with Thomas Lochmat­ter, an IT con­sul­tant for dis­trib­uted data sys­tems, about Crop­po­la. Since 2012, Thomas has devel­oped and main­tained the soft­ware and servers of the Crop­po­la project.

It's a kind of mag­ic

Crop­po­la serves up over 100,000 cropped images through its web­site every month. The ser­vice is acces­si­ble either through upload­ing images on the site or through an API.

Although there are pay­ing high-vol­ume crop­ping cor­po­rate cus­tomers, Crop­po­la remains main­ly a research project with mon­e­ti­za­tion only being giv­en sec­ond thoughts. This is why, luck­i­ly, the crop­ping ser­vice is free for users with less than 500 images a month.

Crop­po­la is super fast, and the hit rate of get­ting the right crop is aston­ish­ing­ly high. Artis­tic tastes are a per­son­al mat­ter, so there will always be instances where a per­son may pre­fer a dif­fer­ent crop, but for automat­ing the crop­ping process for a dig­i­tal pic­ture frame, Crop­po­la is more than ide­al.

It remind­ed me of the face recog­ni­tion fea­ture of pho­to soft­ware like Adobe Light­room or Apple Pho­tos. But Crop­po­la rec­og­nizes a lot more than just faces.

Thomas men­tioned cor­po­rate projects where Crop­po­la was inte­grat­ed into the val­ue chain of their clients automat­ing the process of crop­ping peo­ple pho­tos into fixed shape objects and sav­ing the client a lot of work.

Two things that I would wish for future devel­op­ments: One is that the JPG com­pres­sion qual­i­ty which is cur­rent­ly fixed at 95% can be spec­i­fied or set to 100%. The oth­er one is the preser­va­tion of EXIF data. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, they are removed today after crop­ping which is not great if oth­er automa­tion scripts depend on EXIF data. An exam­ple would be the fil­ter­ing of images based on dates or loca­tions. Thank­ful­ly, Thomas offered that he would look into these issues.

The Python script that will save you many hours

Crop­po­la offers an API that lets you batch upload images that are sub­se­quent­ly ana­lyzed, cropped and resized. This means that you can run a Python script in the back­ground which auto­mat­i­cal­ly trig­gers the upload and crop­ping of new images.

The auto­mat­ic fold­er super­vi­sion to trig­ger the Crop­po­la script will be described in a lat­er post, but the fol­low­ing Python script from Thomas does a great job of look­ing into a fold­er for new images, upload­ing them to Crop­po­la and sav­ing the resized images to a new fold­er. All that's left to do is to copy the new­ly cropped images to your final images fold­er.

In this exam­ple, I have spec­i­fied the crop­ping for a 16:10, 1920 x 1200 px pic­ture frame but you can define the aspect ratio and the final pix­el dimen­sions as you need it.

Paste the fol­low­ing code in a text edi­tor and save it as croppola.py.

  1. #!/usr/bin/env python3
  2. import os, requests, time
  3.  
  4. # Prepare the folders
  5. originalFolder = 'new-images-inbox'
  6. croppedFolder = 'new-images-cropped'
  7.  
  8. if not os.path.exists(croppedFolder):
  9.     os.makedirs(croppedFolder)
  10.  
  11. # This is the URL
  12. url = 'http://croppola.com/croppola/image.jpg?aspectRatio=16:10&maximumWidth=100%&scaledWidth=1920&scaledHeight=1200&algorithm=croppola'
  13.  
  14. # Process all pictures
  15. for pictureFile in os.listdir(originalFolder):
  16.     print(pictureFile)
  17.     data = open(originalFolder + '/' + pictureFile, 'rb')
  18.     res = requests.post(url, headers={'User-Agent' : 'py'})
  19.     data.close();
  20.     if res.status_code == 200:
  21.         f = open(croppedFolder + '/' + pictureFile, 'wb')
  22.         f.write(res.content)
  23.         time.sleep(5)	# let other people crop
  24.     else:
  25.         print('Error ' + res.status_code)
  26.         break

Adjust the set­tings to fit your dig­i­tal pic­ture frame in this sec­tion:

# This is the URL
url = 'http://croppola.com/croppola/image.jpg?aspectRatio=16:10&maximumWidth=100%&scaledWidth=1920&scaledHeight=1200&algorithm=croppola'

If your aspect ratio is e.g. "16:9" and your mon­i­tor res­o­lu­tion is 1920 x 1080, you can eas­i­ly define it in this line.

There are a lot of indi­vid­ual set­tings that Crop­po­la allows. You can find fur­ther infor­ma­tion on their home­page. But for our pur­pose, this is all you need.

Move the Python file into the "Pic­tures" fold­er of your Rasp­berry Pi.

I assume that you have your SMB file shar­ing con­nec­tion set up. If not, read how to set it up in "How to set up your Rasp­berry Pi for your dig­i­tal pic­ture frame".

To test it, add a few images to the "new-images-inbox" fold­er.

Open up your Ter­mi­nal, and con­nect to your Rasp­berry Pi.

ssh pi@IP-of-your-RaspberryPi

Change to the Pic­tures direc­to­ry

cd Pictures

Then enter

python3 croppola.py

Crop­po­la should now con­vert your files and place the out­put into the "new-images-cropped" fold­er.

Check if the images have the right size as you spec­i­fied.

You're done! No more tedious crop­ping and size con­ver­sion, Crop­po­la will auto­mate this process for you.

A big "Thank You" to the team behind Crop­po­la and espe­cial­ly Thomas Lochmat­ter who pro­vid­ed the Python script and gave me some more back­ground. You guys rock!