Unless you want your digital picture frame on display 24/7, you must decide how you want to control the display power. I will show you a few ways in my articles, but the easiest for beginners is clock-controlled power management.
The way to do this in Linux is through the Cron Daemon, which is a process that runs in the background and triggers defined events at a specified time as described in the crontab file.
In this article, I will explain to you how to set up the crontab and configure wake and sleep commands for your digital picture frame. I will also show a Python script for display power management.
Note: The vcgencmd command was recently retired. It may still work on your Pi, depending on which OS you have installed, but the new way of turning a monitor on and off is described here.
A Clockwork Raspberry
Tested with Raspberry Pi OS Buster and Raspberry Pi 2, 3 and 4
To turn off a digital picture frame, you deactivate the display. The computer itself, the Raspberry Pi, is never turned off.
Once turned off, there is no way of auto-awakening it as no battery powers a real-time clock (RTC) on the small board. But since its power consumption is only 2-3 Watts, it wouldn’t make much difference on your utility bill anyway.
So when a Raspberry Pi is powered on, it always checks if there is a trigger event, in our case, time. The table with the “wake-up” calls is kept in the crontab file.
To open the crontab, you type in a Terminal window
If you haven’t used crontab -e before, you will be asked which editor you want to use. I recommend #2, the nano editor.
A typical line in the crontab script to trigger a time-based event will look something like this:
00 07 * * 1-5 vcgencmd display_power 1
This turns on the digital picture frame screen every Monday to Friday at 7h00. The exact time syntax of the crontab is explained very well on the crontab.guru website, so I won’t go into many details here.
Eight days a week
Here is an example of a script that assumes that from Monday to Friday, the digital picture frame should be turned on at 7h, and on weekends at 8h. From Sunday to Thursday, bedtime is at 22h45, and from Friday to Saturday one hour later.
# Turn off display Sunday - Thursday at 22h45
45 22 * * 0-4 vcgencmd display_power 0
# Turn off display Friday - Saturday at 23h45
45 23 * * 5,6 vcgencmd display_power 0
# Turn on screen Monday - Friday at 7h00
00 07 * * 1-5 vcgencmd display_power 1
# Turn on screen Saturday - Sunday at 8h00
00 08 * * 6,0 vcgencmd display_power 1
The command to power off the screen is
sudo vcgencmd display_power 0
, and to power on, you put a 1 instead of the 0, so
sudo vcgencmd display_power 1
Save the file with CTRL+O and exit with CTRL+X. You’re done!
You can add as many time triggers as you like in the crontab.
Powering down the monitor when not needed will save you electricity (about 20 Watts) and may extend the lifespan of your monitor. Others prefer to leave the display on to deter burglars or out of convenience, but that’s up to your individual preferences.
The Python way to turn the display on and off
If you need to change the display status by invoking a Python script, this is what the code would look like for turning it on:
# coding: utf8 #
import subprocess # for command execution
CONTROL = "vcgencmd" # command to turn the screen on
CONTROL_UNBLANK = [CONTROL, "display_power", "1"] # command to turn the screen on
subprocess.call(CONTROL_UNBLANK) # command to turn the screen on
To turn the screen off, just replace the “1” with a “0”.
50 ways to control your display
There are many other methods of automatically controlling the power status of your digital picture frame display.
You can also geofence your home with smartphones and trigger action through IFTTT.
While crontab is an easy-to-write command to turn your screen on/off automatically, there is also a more modern alternative now with systemd timers. If your crontab system works fine, there is no need to change to systemd but if you are experiencing problems, have a look at my systemd timer article.
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